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Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15 , No. 3

[ Architectural/Urban Plannin g and Design ]
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.527-534
ISSN: 1346-7581 (Print) 1347-2852 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2016
Received 05 Oct 2015 Accepted 11 Jul 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3130/jaabe.15.527

The Effects of Visibility on Fear of Crime in Schools' Interior Environments
Soyeon Lee1 ; Mikyoung Ha*, 2
1Ph.D., Department of Interior Architecture and Built Environment, Yonsei University, Korea
2Professor, Department of Interior Architecture and Built Environment, Yonsei University, Korea

Correspondence to : *Mikyoung Ha, Professor, Department of Interior Architecture and Built Environment, Yonsei University, 417 Samsung Hall 134 Sinchon-Dong, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul, 120-749, Korea Tel: +82-2-2123-3135 Fax: +82-2-2123-8662 E-mail: mkha@yonsei.ac.kr

Funding Information ▼


In any given environment, visibility is a critical element that affects fear of crime. This study provides empirical evidence of the effects of visibility on fear of crime within elementary schools using a quantitative analysis. Spots in which children felt fear were identified, and their characteristics were analyzed according to the four visibility dimensions of: visual connectivity and visual integration, each with and without visible distance restrictions. One finding was that fear of crime was high in the areas where visibility was either extremely low or extremely high, resulting in a relationship that can be expressed as a U-shaped graph. In addition, fear of crime was associated with visibility in relation to human behaviors as well as built environments. Finally, the visibility distance was also found to be an important element affecting fear of crime.

Keywords: fear of crime, visibility, school interior environment, space syntax, geographic information system (GIS)

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