HOME | Contact Us

Current Issue

Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15 , No. 3

[ Architectural/Urban Planning and Design ]
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.495-501
ISSN: 1346-7581 (Print) 1347-2852 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2016
Received 04 Oct 2015 Accepted 11 Jul 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3130/jaabe.15.495

Studies on Usage Patterns and Use Range of Neighborhood Parks: Focused on 'Regional Area Parks' in Seoul, Korea
Jaehyeong Nam1 ; Heungsoon Kim*, 1
1Department of Urban Planning, Hanyang University, Korea

Correspondence to : *Heungsoon Kim, Department of Urban Planning, Hanyang University 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seoungdong-gu, Kwahak Kisul Kwan, 310-1, Seoul, 133-791, Korea Tel: +82-22-220-4600 E-mail: soon@hanyang.ac.kr


Parks are some of the most important spaces within a city and should be managed with practical standards and an efficient system. The current urban park systems however, have inflexible standards where parks are categorized by size alone. In this sense, this study focuses on (1) the provision of practical urban park management schemes and (2) suggestions regarding the adequate use range of parks using a set of empirical data. This study has (1) examined the problems of the current park management and supply system by which parks with varying attributes (such as size, characteristics, and usage) are considered and managed as a single hierarchy and has (2) investigated the use range of five parks in Seoul where the service area has not been clearly defined. Surveys were also conducted to gather information on park usage, and analyses were followed to verify if park usage had statistically significant differences by parks and hierarchy.

The findings of this study identified that the current hierarchy of regional area parks includes both neighborhood parks and regional parks in the same manner. It is expected that the results of this study may be used in suggesting the problems of the current urban park management scheme as well as primary data to consider establishing practical policies.

Keywords: regional area park, urban park, neighborhood park, use range; use pattern

1. Makhelouf, Ali. (2008). The Role of Parklands in Improving Urban Microclimates to Combat Pollution, Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 7 (2), pp.439-444.
2. Chiesura, A. (2004). The Role of Urban Parks for the Sustainable City. Landscape and Urban Planning, 68(2), pp.129-138.
3. Eckbo, G. (1950). Landscape for Living. Univ. of Massachusetts Press.
4. Gallo, K.P. et al. (1993). The Use of a Vegetation Index for Assessment of the Urban Heat Island Effect. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 14 (11), pp.2223-2230.
5. Ham, J.Y., (2009). Do Highly Mixed-use Parks Attract More People?: Evidence from the Large-scale Parks in Seoul. University of Seoul, Master's Thesis.
6. Hong, S.U, Park, S.H., (2003). Analyzing the Location of Urban Neighborhood Parks Using GIS and AHP Techniques, Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, 38 (5), pp.849-860.
7. Kim, S.C. and Heo, J. (1992). A Study on the Users' Behavior and Satisfaction on the Actual Conditions of Management at the Neighborhood Parks in Chonju. Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, 20(2), pp.90-105.
8. Kim, S.J. and Yoon, C.Y. (2003), A Study on the Usual Characteristics and Need Facilities of Urban Parks. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, Planning and Design Section, 23(1), pp.567-570.
9. Kim, S.J. and Yoon, C.Y. (2003), A Study on User's Behavior of Neighborhood Park Facilities. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea, Planning and Design Section, 23(2), pp.591-594.
10. Kim, J.P., et al., (2007), An Analytical Study of the Design and Characteristics of Water Bodies in Urban Parks. Journal of Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, Vol. 35 (2), pp.25-36.
11. Lee, T.H., et al., (2011). Visual Access Opportunity Analysis of Neighborhood Park Users Using Space Syntax Theory, Journalof the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture, 39 (4), pp.28-38.
12. Manross, G., (2008). East Bay Regional Park District 2007-2008 Community Survey: Benchmark Scientific Survey.
13. Nam, J.H. and Kim, H.S. (2014). The Correlation between Spatial Characteristics and Utilization of City Parks: A Focus on Neighborhood Parks in Seoul, Korea. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 13(2), pp.515-522.
14. Oh, H. (2005) A Study of Cheonggyecheon City Park Design through Fusion of other Culture. Proceedings of the Korea Society of Design Studies Conference, pp.332-333.
15. Park, Y.J. and Kim, H.O. (2010). A Study on Status of Use of Community Park and Level of Satisfaction Based on Types of Its Facilities. Journal of the Environmental Science, 19(4), pp.427-436.
16. Shim, J.Y., et al. (2006) A Comparison to the Importance Evaluation of an Urban Natural Parks and Neighborhood Parks. Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 15 (12), pp.1163-1170.
17. Son, S.R., Yoon, B.K., (2002), A Study on Open Space Policy based on Urban Residents' Values of Open Space. The Journal of Korea planners association, 37 (4), pp.59-81.
18. Yang, S.G., (2008). A Study on the Characteristics in Children Parks of Housing Redevelopment in Seoul. University of Seoul, Master's Thesis.