HOME | Contact Us

Current Issue

Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15 , No. 3

[ Architectural/Urban Planning and Design ]
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.455-462
ISSN: 1346-7581 (Print) 1347-2852 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2016
Received 06 Oct 2015 Accepted 11 Jul 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3130/jaabe.15.455

New City Block Design Approaches Incorporating Environmental Assessment for Downtown Districts in Cities with Severe Winter Climates
Norihiro Watanabe*, 1 ; Tsuyoshi Setoguchi2 ; Koya Sato3 ; Takuya Tsutsumi4
1Doctoral Course Student, Faculty of Engineering, Graduate School of Hokkaido University, Japan
2Professor, Faculty of Engineering, Graduate School of Hokkaido University, Japan
3Daiken Sekkei Inc., M. Eng., Japan
4Chief Researcher, Northern Regional Building Research Institute, Hokkaido Research Organization, Japan

Correspondence to : *Norihiro Watanabe, Doctoral Course Student, Faculty of Engineering, Graduate School of Hokkaido University, North 13 West 8, Sapporo City, Hokkaido, 060-8628 Japan Tel: +81-11-706-6243 Fax: +81-11-706-6243 E-mail: norihiro-watanabe@eis.hokudai.ac.jp

Funding Information ▼

Abstract

Urban design approaches in many Japanese cities are based on principles that are similar throughout the country without considering the variety in regional climates. Especially in cities with severe winter weather, providing desirable environments for public spaces under conditions of snow and strong winds is an important issue in urban design. This paper proposes new approaches to urban design with environmental assessments using snow and wind simulations to enable the development of original urban design concepts to improve the quality of public space. Using city blocks in downtown Sapporo, Japan as a case study, a design process flow is established together with conceptual models of city block design, assessing each of the steps of the process. The results of the assessment are then reflected back to the models and re-evaluated with an environmental assessment. With the results, the authors identify a number of principles of city block design for downtown Sapporo.


Keywords: city block design, snow simulation, wind tunnel, environmental assessment, winter cities

References
1. BOSSELMANN, P. (1984) Sun, Wind, and Comfort A Study of Open Spaces and Sidewalks in Four Downtown Areas -, Environmental Simulation Laboratory University of California Berkeley.
2. TSUCHIYA, M., TOMABECHI, T. (2002) Characteristics of Wind Flow Acting on Snowdrift on a Stepped Flat Roof -, J. Struct. Constr. Eng., AIJ, (555), pp.53-59.
3. SETOGUCHI, T. (2004) Efficiencies of Infill Developments against Snow Problem in Winter Cities – The Snow Simulations for Desirable Block Designs Using Wind Tunnel -, Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, Vol.3 No.2, pp.335-340.
4. SETOGUCHI, T., TSUTSUMI, T. (2006) Urban Design Guidelines for the Urban Complex Redevelopment Project Provided from Environmental Assessments with Snow and Wind Simulations – The New Urban Design Approaches with Snow and Wind Environmental Assessments for Snow and Cold Regions -, J. Archit. plan., AIJ, (604), pp.131-138.
5. SETOGUCHI, T., TSUTSUMI, T. (2007) The Comparison of Snow and Wind Impacts between High-Rise and Medium-Rise Building Blocks Using the Wind Tunnel Simulation for Snow and Cold Cities -, J. Archit. plan., AIJ, (619), pp.101-108.
6. SETOGUCHI, T. (2009) The Development of Urban Design Planning Process Linking with Snow and Wind Environmental Assessments on the Urban Complex Redevelopment Project in Snowy and Cold Cities-, J. Archit. plan., AIJ, 74 (642), pp.1777-1786.
7. SETOGUCHI, T. (2012) The Urban Design Assessments for the Relationship between Urban Envelope and Snow Remove Energy Using Snow and Wind Simulations in Snowy and Cold Cities, J. Archit. plan., AIJ, 77 (682), pp.1777-1786.
8. ANNO, Y. (1984), Requirements for modeling of a snowdrift, Cold Regions Science and Technology, (8), pp.241-252.
9. X.W. Meng, T. Setoguchi (2010) Development Urban design Guidelines with Wind Tunnel Simulations for Downtown Districts for Downtown Districts in Winter Cities, Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, Vol.9 No.2, pp.355-362.
10. Emori, I., Saito K. and Sekimoto K. (2000) Theory and application of model experiments. 3rd ed. Tokyo: Hakuhodo.