JAABE
[ Architectural/Urban Planning and Design ]
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.511-518
ISSN: 1346-7581 (Print) 1347-2852 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2016
Received 03 Oct 2015 Accepted 11 Jul 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3130/jaabe.15.511

The Built Environment and the Frequency of Cycling Trips by Urban Elderly: Insights from Zhongshan, China

Yi Zhang1 ; Chaoyang Li2 ; Chuan Ding3 ; Chunli Zhao4 ; Jianzhong Huang*, 5
1Assistant Professor, State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University; Research Fellow, Key Laboratory of Special Environment Road Engineering of Hunan Province, Changsha University of Science & Technology China
2Professor, Department of Architecture, Shanghai Jiao Tong University China
3Assistant Professor, School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory for Cooperative Vehicle Infrastructure System and Safety Control, Beihang University, China; Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University Hong Kong
4Ph.D. Fellow, Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen Denmark
5Associate Professor, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Key Laboratory of Ecology and Energy-saving Study of Dense Habitat (Ministry of Education of China), Tongji University China

Correspondence to: *Jianzhong Huang, Associate Professor, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Key Laboratory of Ecology and Energy-saving Study of Dense Habitat (Ministry of Education of China), Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China Tel: 86-21- 65982345 Fax: 86-21- 65982345 E-mail: hjz03213@126.com

Abstract

As a form of active transport, cycling provides significant health benefits to the elderly. Among voluminous active transport-related literature, few studies have investigated the correlates of the cycling activity of urban elderly. This study explored the effects of individual, household, and built environment attributes on the frequency of cycling trips by urban elderly, with data collected from 33 urban neighborhoods of Zhongshan, China. The negative binomial regression models detect that, all else being equal, living in a neighborhood with a compact urban form and safe cycling environment is strongly connected to more cycling trips by the urban elderly. The models also suggest that attitudes towards cycling or driving and household ownership of bicycles or cars are significantly related to urban elderly's cycling trips. The findings facilitate our understanding of the effects of built environment on cycling activity and provide insights into an effective design of interventions on health promotion of the urban elderly in China.

Keywords:

urban elderly, frequency of cycling trips, built environment, negative binomial regression

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