JAABE
[ Architectural/Urban Planning and Design ]
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.403-410
ISSN: 1346-7581 (Print) 1347-2852 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2016
Received 06 Oct 2015 Accepted 11 Jul 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3130/jaabe.15.403

Application of Universal Design in the Design of Apartment Kitchens

Kyung-Yeon Kang1 ; Kyung-Hoon Lee*, 2
1Research Professor, Research Institute of Engineering and Technology, Korea University Korea
2Professor, Department of Architecture, Korea University Korea

Correspondence to: *Kyung-Hoon Lee, Professor, Department of Architecture, Korea University 1, 5ka, Anam-dong, Seongbuk-ku, Seoul, 136-701, Korea Tel: +82-2-3290-3339 Fax:+82-2-921-7947 E-mail: kh92lee@korea.ac.kr

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to suggest designs for apartment kitchens without major redesign for the elderly or the disabled, who are a fast growing population in Korea. According to the concept of universal design and the need to support various users as much as possible, five criteria for analysis were developed based on research on the mobility of wheelchair users: clear floor space, work flow, universal reach range, area for later use, and safety. Using the criteria developed, the accessibility and usability of five kitchen subtypes were investigated through the analysis of architectural documents. The result shows that kitchen layouts in Korean apartments are typically difficult to navigate for wheelchair users. Modification of the locations of the refrigerator, sink, and range was mainly required for appropriate clear floor space, work triangle, and countertops. Moreover, alternatives to five unit types were suggested without the need to increase the current kitchen size. For application of universal design to kitchen design, considerations for not only the size, the shape of the kitchen and its appliances but also for clear floor space, work triangle, countertop, reach range, and knee clearance formed by the location of each appliance are required.

Keywords:

universal design, apartment kitchen, wheelchair user, spatial dimension, fixture layout

References

  • An, S.M. (1998) A study on the application of universal design in apartment. Master's thesis, Yonsei University, Seoul.
  • Balandin, S. and Chapman, R. (2001) Aging with a developmental disability at home: an Australian perspective. In Preiser, W.F.E. and Ostroff, E. (Eds.) Universal Design Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Choi, M.K. (2000) A study on the analysis of housing environments of the elderly households and its suggestions in preparation for aging society. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea (Planning & Design), 16 (9), pp.1-10.
  • Kang, K.Y. and Lee, K.H. (2007) A study on the application of universal design in apartment bathroom. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea (Planning & Design), 23 (5), pp.3-10.
  • Kang, K.Y. and Lee, K.H. (2009) Experiment of color schemes for the elderly in apartment bathroom. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 8(1), pp.103-110.
  • Kim, M.G. (2007) An architectural study on the improvement of residential environment for Korea wheelchair user. Doctoral Dissertation, Hanyang University, Seoul.
  • Kim, Y.J., Kwon, O.J. and Park, N.H. (2006) A study on residential remodeling for improving independent living of elderly households. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 24(6), pp.79-93.
  • Ko, Y.J. (2003) Kitchen design for wheelchair users applying universal design principles. Doctoral Dissertation, Kinki University, Higashi Osaka.
  • Korean Standards Association (2006) Principles and recommendation for designing dimension of dwelling in consideration of the elderly. Seoul: Korean standards association.
  • Kwon, O.J., Choi, J.S. and Ha, H.H. (2001) A study on residential Alterations by characteristics of the physically disabled. Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea (Planning & Design), 17(11), pp.19-28.
  • Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (2007) Manual for residential remodeling for elderly households. Seoul: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport.
  • Moon, H.J. and Kim, M.H. (2004) Housing circumstances of the elderly households who live alone or/with spouse. Journal of the Korean Housing Association, 15(1), pp.75-84.
  • Mullick, A. and Levin, D. (2001) Universal kitchen and appliances. In Preiser, W.F.E. and Ostroff, E. (Eds.) Universal Design Handbook. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Peterson, M.J. (1998) Universal kitchen and bathroom planning: design that adapts to people. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Sejin (2006) Apartment sourcebook: Seoul. Seoul: Sejin.
  • United States Access Board (2004) Americans with disabilities act and architectural barriers act accessibility guidelines. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Access Board.
  • United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) (1998) Fair housing act design manual: a manual to assist designers and builders in meeting the accessibility requirements of the fair housing act. Washington, D.C.: HUD.
  • Yoon, B.C., Chi, S., Lee, Y.S. and et al. (1984). Standardization of measurements for Korean kitchen work centers and cabinets for future design criteria (II). Family and Environment Research, 22(3), pp.55-74.