[ Architectural History and Theory ]
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering - Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.373-380
ISSN: 1346-7581 (Print) 1347-2852 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2016
Received 08 Apr 2015 Accepted 20 Jul 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3130/jaabe.15.373

Historical Assessment of the Saka Tunggal Mosque in Banyumas: Study on the Single Column Mosque on Java Island, Indonesia

Arif Sarwo Wibowo*, 1 ; Shiro Sasano2
1Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Bandung Institute of Technology Indonesia
2Professor Emeritus, Tokyo Institute of Technology Japan

Correspondence to: *Arif Sarwo Wibowo, Assistant Professor, School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Bandung Institute of Technology, Jalan Ganesa 10, Bandung, Indonesia 40132 Tel: +62-22-2504962 Fax:+62-22-2530705 E-mail: wibowo@ar.itb.ac.id


Currently, there are four mosques on Java Island recognized as Saka Tunggal Mosques, which employ a single wooden column as the main column, placed at the center of the prayer hall to support the roof. This unique structural system, when compared to the traditional four-column system, is remarkable even if its style is exceptional for mosques on Java Island. This study aims to provide scientific data and promote the local government's understanding about the importance of the Saka Tunggal Mosques by focusing on the one in Banyumas, which is placed at a cultural heritage site, founded in 1871. This article was categorized as a part of an effort to revive and restore important architectural heritage sites in Indonesia. The discussion in this article will be composed of three parts. The first part will provide a description of the current condition of Banyumas's Mosque. The second part will illustrate the renovations of the Mosque in chronological order. The third part will describe the three other Saka Tunggal Mosques in order to differentiate the specific characteristics of Banyumas's Mosque from the context of its structural system.


wooden architecture, old mosque, cultural heritage, single column, preservation


  • Adrisijanti, I. (1977) Telaah Singkat tentang Bangunan Bertiang Satu (Study of Single Column Building). Pertemuan Ilmiah Arkeologi (Archeology Scientific Meeting). Jakarta: Pusat Penelitan Purbakala dan Peninggalan Nasional, pp.470-476.
  • Budi, B.S. (2001) Masjid 2000 CD-ROM. Bandung: Institut Teknologi Bandung.
  • Budi, B.S. (2006) A Study on the History and Development of the Javanese Mosque Part 3: Typology of the Plan and Structure of the Javanese Mosque and Its Distribution. Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 5 (2), pp.229-236.
  • Direktorat Urusan Agama Islam, Dirjen Bimas Islam dan Urusan Haji Departemen Agama RI (1988) Masjid-masjid Bersejarah di Indonesia (Historical Mosques in Indonesia), Vol. I & II. Jakarta: Departemen Agama RI.
  • Elba, M.Y. Masjid Tradisional Jawa (Traditional Mosque in Java).
  • Mintoboedojo R.Ng. (1973) Sejarah Singkat tentang Pembangunan Masjid "Sokotunggal" Taman Keraton Yogyakarta (Brief History of "Sokotunggal" Mosque Construction Work at Taman Keraton Yogyakarta). Yogyakarta: Sokotunggal Mosque Construction Committee.
  • Soekmono, R (1973) Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia (Introduction to Culture History of Indonesia). Jakarta: Yayasan Kanisius.
  • Wijono, Soegeng and Sunardi (2006) Banjoemas Rimajatmoe Doeloe (Banyumas First History). Daya Mandiri Production.